Post-course assessment adopts the strategy of reflection-on-action (Schön, 1983): “We reflect on action, thinking back on what we have done in order to discover how our knowing-in-action may have contributed to an unexpected outcome” (Schön, 1983, p. 26). In the case the RUCAS project participated university instructors reflected on what have done during the course implementation in order to discover how their knowing-in-action may have contributed to an unexpected outcome. It is also supplemented by summative assessment procedures to demonstrate what has been achieved in line of the expected outcomes and comparisons with pre- and in-course assessment results. In practice, there is a clear relationship between reflection in and on action since the understandings and experiences generated through reflection in action have an impact reflection-on action. Donald Schon is using a distinction here that would have been familiar to Aristotle– between the technical (productive) and the practical (Smith, 2011).
Go to the resource section and elaborate reflection in action and on action http://docs.lib.purdue.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1390&context=eandc